Depression Statistics Everyone Should Know

“Depression isn’t a war you win. It’s a battle you fight every day. You never stop, never get to rest. It’s one bloody fray after another.” — Shaun David Hutchinson

Feeling sad is a normal human emotion, but depression is something more. Classified as a mood disorder, when left untreated, depression can lead to serious health implications. Fortunately, there are many effective treatments available. However, the majority of people do not seek treatment — and when they do, it’s not adequate. One study found that among those newly diagnosed, only around one-third receive treatment.

Who Does Depression Affect?

  • Millions of people across the globe suffer from depression. According to the World Health Organization, over 264 million people of all ages live with depression. In the United States, over 7% of the population age 18 and older lives with major depressive disorder in a given year, which equates to more than 17 million.
  • As the leading cause of disability and a significant contributor to disease, depression can impact anyone. However, this mental health disorder affects approximately twice as many women as men. Variables related to puberty, pregnancy, premenstrual issues, menopause and certain life circumstances (i.e., sexual or physical abuse, unequal power or status, work overload, etc.) may explain this gender gap.
  • Nearly two million children age 3 to 17 have also been diagnosed with depression.
  • Depression affects approximately 7 million adults aged 65 and older.
  • While depression can affect anyone, at any age, the median age of onset is 32.5 years old.

Types of Depression and Their Implications

The most common types of depression in the United States include:

  • Major depressive disorder
  • Persistent depressive disorder
  • Bipolar disorder
  • Seasonal depression
  • Postpartum depression
  • Psychotic depression

For example, 25% of patients admitted to a hospital in relation to depression are diagnosed with psychotic depression and 10% to 15% of U.S. women develop major postpartum depression.

  • Five percent of the U.S. population experiences seasonal depression, which is most commonly triggered by the onset of fall and lasts throughout the winter months. Women represent four out of five people with this condition.
  • Up to 80% of new mothers experience the “baby blues” and 10% to 15% of U.S. women experience a depressive episode within three months of childbirth. Rates of postpartum depression vary across the country, with the highest number of incidences in Missouri, Tennessee, Arkansas, Oklahoma and New Mexico.
  • One in 13 people across the globe experience a psychotic episode before the age of 75.
  • Persistent depressive disorder is a form of depression that continues for at least two years, affecting approximately 1.5% of the population age 18 and older in a given year. Among those living with the type of depression, only 61.7% receive treatment.

Depression often co-occurs with other medical conditions. For example:

  • Twenty-five percent of cancer patients experience depression.
  • One in three heart attack survivors experience depression.
  • Fifty percent of Parkinson’s patients may experience depression.
  • More than 20% of Americans living with a mood disorder or anxiety also have a substance use disorder.

Treating Depression

As discussed, depression is under-treated — even though treatment has proven to be highly successful.

  • Clinical depression is treatable. Yet less than 50% of people around the world who have it receive treatment.
  • Although the American Psychiatric Association recommends a combination of counseling and antidepressants, as this is the most effective approach, each of these treatments offers roughly the same effectiveness.
  • Research shows that therapy resulted in a lower rate of relapse at the one- to two-year follow-up. Psychotherapy was also shown to have a significantly lower rate of relapse compared to medication (26.5% vs 56.6% respectively).
  • As reported by the National Institute of Health, up to 80% of those treated for depression show an improvement in symptoms within four to six weeks after they begin psychotherapy, attend support groups, take medication or a combination of these.

Transformations Treatment Center Can Help

If you or your loved one are currently living with depression, we can assist you!

We offer personalized treatment plans for depression and mood disorders, focusing on your individual needs and circumstances. If you’re ready to receive the treatment you deserve, please contact us today!

 

References

  1. https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11606-017-4297-2
  2. https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/depression
  3. https://www.dbsalliance.org/education/depression/statistics/
  4. https://adaa.org/about-adaa/press-room/facts-statistics
  5. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/27038468/
  6. https://cpa.ca/docs/File/Practice/TheEfficacyAndEffectivenessOfPsychologicalTreatments_web.pdf
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